How can Widely Spaced Teeth Impact your Overall Health?


A lot of people think that orthodontic issues such as gaps in teeth are purely an appearance concern. However, widely spaced teeth in adults can result from continued growth of the jawbone, or a certain disease. Treating such a condition can be more life-changing. Aside from giving you a confident smile, corrected teeth can offer significant benefits to your overall health. Gaps in teeth create a good environment for bacterial buildup. This can, in turn, lead to serious oral health problems including:

  • Tooth decay or tooth loss
  • Gingivitis
  • Mouth sores and bad breath

Tooth Decay

Dental carries is a bacterial infection that leads to the destruction of the teeth. This bacterium consumes food debris and sugar on the teeth producing enzymes, acids, and toxic by-products. People that have spaced teeth are prone to decay because the wide spaces make it difficult to control the bacteria. The acids corrode and eventually destroy the teeth. If left untreated, pain may occur, and you may lose your teeth. Understand that before a cavity appears in the enamel, it can take several years. The moment cavity touches the cementum; decay progresses rapidly since the centum is not hard. Root decay resulting from widely spaced teeth is very painful, serious, and can lead to the loss of teeth. Streptococcus sobrinus and streptococcus mutans are the bacteria responsible for cavities. With the help of a professional orthodontist, a comprehensive analysis of the condition of your teeth is vital.


Gingivitis is a common problem with people that have widely spaced teeth. It is an inflammation that results from bacteria that is usually trapped in pockets between the teeth and gums. With widely spaced teeth, tartar and plaque can form more easily. It can quickly develop into periodontitis if left untreated affecting the connective tissues, the gums and the jawbone supporting your teeth. Gingivitis can be mild. For that reason, you may not know that the condition exists. Understand that gingivitis must be taken very seriously and has to be treated promptly. If left untreated, it can lead to the loss of teeth. If you have a puffy, bleeding, or dusky red gum, you could be having gingivitis. Signs of this condition include:

  • Puffy, soft gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Tender gums
  • Receding gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Change in gum color
  • Bad breath

The sooner you have your teeth fixed, the higher the chances of reversing gingivitis progression to periodontitis. Traditional braces or Invisalign aligners may be recommended.

Mouth Sores and Bad Breath

Widely spaced teeth cause a host of problems including bad breath and sores. Gingivitis can lead to lesions/wounds that then affect the gums. The whole process starts with bacteria. When the harmful bacteria increase in mass and thickness to form plaque, a cellular injury is caused to the adjacent gums. When the plaque remains in the periodontal area, it forms calculus. Unlike plaque which is a soft mass, calculus is hard to remove. Although major oral concerns such as gum disease, mouth sores, tooth loss among others can be caused by oral health issues, widely spaced teeth are a high contributing factor. Bacteria buildup resulting from gapped teeth can cause bad breath.

Serious Health Conditions Resulting from Oral Health Problems

• Stroke
• Pneumonias
• Heart disease
• Diabetes

Causes of Widely Spaced Teeth


This is a condition where too much growth hormone happens, and certain body tissues get larger. It is a condition that happens in close to 6 of every 100,000 adults. The growth is, however, a noncancerous tumor. Its symptoms include:’

  • Headache
  • Body odor
  • Fatigue
  • Hoarseness
  • Large feet
  • Joint pain
  • Excessive sweating
  • Weakness
  • Large face bones
  • Large jaw
  • Limited joint movement
  • Sleep apnea
  • Widely spaced teeth
  • Excess hair growth in women
  • Weight gain

Morquio Syndrome

This is an inherited metabolism disease where the body misses certain substances needed to break down sugar molecules. It is also known as MPS IV. It is an autosomal recessive trait. If for example both parents have the gene, all their children will have a 25% chance of carrying it. Symptoms include:

  • Hypermobile joints
  • Knock-knees
  • Widely spaced teeth
  • Coarse facial features

Ellis-Van Creveld Syndrome

This is a rare genetic disorder that affects the growth of bones. It is caused by defects in Ellis-van Creveld syndrome genes positioned together on a chromosome. Symptoms include:

  • Cleft palate
  • Extra fingers
  • Nail problems
  • Epispadias
  • Short legs and arms
  • Short height
  • Tooth abnormalities such as widely spaced teeth
  • Sparse hair

Sanfilippo Syndrome

This is a genetic metabolism disorder. The body fails to properly break down sugar molecules referred to as glycosaminoglycans. It is one of the most common types of MPS. A history of this syndrome in a given family increases the risk of the condition. Common symptoms include:

  • Deteriorated mental status
  • Diarrhea
  • Full lips
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Walking problems
  • Stiff joints

Self-Inflicted Behavior

Gaps between any two teeth may result from self-inflicted behavior. For instance, when there is a small gap, you may try to push your tongue in, and that can cause a wider gap. If the tongue pushes hard enough, that could aggravate any underlying problem.

In the past, having straight and full teeth used to be a matter of genetics. If you have such and never lost any in your adult life, you were considered fortunate. Today, however, a professional orthodontist, dental insurance and finances that can cover gap closing treatment are all you need. There are several methods including braces and Invisalign that can be used to close wide gaps. As you weigh the pros and cons to decide whether treatment is worth it or not, remember that your health matters.

Contact Nalchajian Orthodontics Today

Nalchajian Orthodontics located in California has two qualified professionals who can determine if you need braces. They are:

• Dr. Nicole Nalchajian
• Dr. Greg Nalchajian

You can find out more about braces or aligners that meet the requirements of children, teenager or adults by calling one of these Nalchajian Orthodontics offices:

• Clovis – 559-299-9561
• Fresno – 559-432-7100

Every patient visiting Nalchajian Orthodontics receives one complimentary consultation to learn more about the types of aligners and braces necessary for straightening their teeth.

Nalchajian Orthodontics
7501 N Fresno St, Suite 105, Fresno, CA 93720
Phone: (559) 432 7100

How can Widely Spaced Teeth Impact your Overall Health?

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